PA State Standards:
Arts and Humanities:
Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening:
Learning Objectives and Cognitive Skills:
Identify and Interpret:
Synthesize and Apply
acrylic on canvas
50 x 66 x 1 1/4 in. (127 x 167.6 x 3.2 cm.)
The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh
Founding Collection, Contribution The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc.
A duality of values is often reflected in American culture. For example, Americans value both the history of being pioneers in a new world—of being autonomous—while they also value being able to buy exactly the same things and have the same lifestyle as their neighbors. Individualism and conformity easily coexist. Advertisements present these divergent ideas, often within the same magazine or television time slot. Size is another concept with dual messages in American contemporary culture. The idea that “bigger is better” is validated by the sales of SUVs, super-sized soft drinks, and bulk food at Wal-Mart. In reverse, small-sized models sell the benefits of diet programs and fitness regimes designed to scale back people’s proportions. In the 1960s, Andy Warhol and other Pop artists illuminated such cultural trends through art and art making processes.
“The farther west we drove [to California, fall 1963], the more Pop everything looked on the highways. Suddenly we all felt like insiders because even though Pop was everywhere—that was the thing about it, most people still took it for granted, whereas we were dazzled by it—to us, it was the new Art. Once you “got” Pop, you could never see a sign the same way again.”
Andy Warhol, POPism, pp 39-40.
“Why do our artists reserve special consideration for the nation’s flag or presidents, hamburgers or movie queens? Are these subjects more worthy than others? I think not . . . these subjects are turned to not for the purpose of honoring them but in order to illustrate that anything can provide legitimate subject matter for the creative genius of the painter and sculptor.”
G. Nordland, art curator, My Country ‘Tis of Thee, exhibition catalogue,
Dwan Gallery, Los Angeles, 1962. (Not paginated) taken from Pop Art, An International Perspective p.35.
Overhead Projector, Opaque Projector, or Digital Projector *Note: the overhead projector uses transparencies; the opaque projector uses any kind of reproduced image. (Depending on which projector you use, you will need to photocopy images/words/symbols onto transparencies or paper, making any necessary enlargements.)
Photocopier Transparencies (can be ordered through an office supply company)
Large White Craft Paper or Canvas
Magazines, Newspapers, Web Images
*If you do not have any sort of projector you may use a grid process to enlarge an image, see the Handout - Tips and Quotes .
Extension: Discuss the formal qualities of scale and proportion as they apply to images, and then as they apply to other areas of work. Use the quotes section of the Tips and Quotes handout as a springboard for discussion.
Assessment and Wrap-up:
Students assess their collaboration by answering the following questions:
In a class critique, discuss what happened to the objects when they were enlarged. Are they more appealing or less so? Is bigger better for your subject? Why or Why not?
Discuss the method of painting. What was the hardest part of painting on a large scale?
Was individual style evident in the finished piece or did everyone try to paint the same way?