PA State Standards:
Arts and Humanities:
9.3.12 G. Analyze works in the arts by referencing the judgments advanced by arts critics as well as one’s own analysis and critique.
Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening:
1.4.8 D Write persuasive pieces
Civics and Government:
5.1.9 J Explain how law protects individual rights and the common good
Learning Objectives and Cognitive Skills:
Identify and Interpret:
Establish and Support:
In the early 1980s Andy Warhol painted a variety of iconic objects, including guns, knives, and crosses. Warhol rejected the idea that his work functioned as social criticism and instead described himself as an American artist who was merely depicting his environment. This description suggests that his paintings of guns be read in the same way as his images of Campbell’s Soup, Marilyn Monroe, or Coca-Cola—as simply images of American icons. Yet, as with many of Warhol’s statements and works, there is the surface of things and then the multiple meanings below it. Gun ownership in America is hugely popular, in part, because it gives people a sense of security. Hollywood imagery and video games add to the allure of guns. The gun is also, through its widespread use and availability in America, a tool of real and commonplace violence. This particular gun, the .32 snub-nosed pistol, was of the type that Valerie Solanas used in her 1968 assassination attempt on Warhol. In his choice of such richly associative iconic objects, Warhol becomes a truly artful social observer.
When you hurt another person, you never know how much it pains. Since I was shot, everything is such a dream to me. I don’t know what anything is about. Like, I don’t know whether I’m alive or whether I died. I wasn’t afraid before. And having been dead once, I shouldn’t feel fear. But I am afraid. I don’t understand why.
Andy Warhol after he was shot and seriously wounded in 1968
What country can preserve its liberties if its rulers are not warned from time to time that their people preserve the spirit of resistance? Let them take arms.
Thomas Jefferson to William Stephens Smith, 1787
There’s a saying in the theater that if a play opens with a gun over the mantle, the gun must go off before the final curtain. Warhol suggests that lethal potential: with no one gripping it, this gun seems to be firing itself, its double image suggesting the “kick” of recoil.
But the viewer stands just to the side of where it’s aimed. You can appreciate its lethal allure without being threatened directly by it. And you can understand how the pro-gun and anti-gun lobbies both fetishize the object of their disagreement. The former treat guns as totems to ward off danger or totalitarianisms, the latter regard them as taboo objects whose mere presence invites evil.
Chris Potter, managing editor, The Pittsburgh City Paper, “Point of View
Labeling Project,” The Andy Warhol Museum, 1999
I stood up in a social studies class—the teacher wanted a discussion—and said I could never kill anyone or condone anyone who did kill anyone. But that I could on some level, understand these kids in Colorado, the killers [reference to school shooting at Columbine High School in Colorado where 12 students were shot by two classmates]. Because day after day, slight after slight, exclusion after exclusion, you can learn how to hate . . . After class I was called to the principal’s office and told that I had to agree to undergo five sessions of counseling or be expelled from school, as I had expressed ‘sympathy’ with the killers in Colorado and the school had to be able to explain itself if I ‘acted out.’ In other words, for speaking freely, and to cover their ass, I was not only branded a weird geek, but a potential killer, that will sure help deal with violence in America.
Jay in the Southeast, Slashdot.org
Students should read and discuss each point of view. Attached handout includes the points of view, supplemental information, and possible discussion questions.
Students write their own point of view about Andy Warhol’s Gun painting.
Assessment and Wrap up:
In small groups, students should discuss the following questions:
After the small group discussions, each group will present a synopsis of their discussion to the class.